The report offers a snapshot of Syrian-owned micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) operating in Turkey. Through research, interviews, and analysis of data from 230 Syrian businesses, it highlights trends and challenges associated with doing business in the country as well as findings and recommendations intended to inform policies, strategies, and programs that will maximize the positive social and economic impact of Syrian SMEs on the Turkish economy, society, and refugee crisis.

SMEs and entrepreneurs make an important contribution to the Canadian economy. SMEs account for 60% of total employment, and Canada performs very well across many measures of small business generation, growth and innovation. However, further increases in productivity in medium-sized firms, an increase in SME exports, a greater business start-up rate and an increased number of high-growth firms could bring substantial benefits for the national economy.
This report identifies several areas where new policy approaches could help achieve these objectives. Framework conditions for small business could be improved in business taxation, public procurement, access to financing and the commercialisation of research. New and extended programmes could be introduced in domains including entrepreneurship education, management advice and consultancy, and workforce skills development. A major effort is recommended to prioritise women's entrepreneurship, including by supporting social enterprises, and federal support could be offered to support the exchange of information on best practice SME regulations and programmes among provinces and territories. All this could be brought together and co-ordinated through the umbrella of a national strategy and a lead agency for SME and entrepreneurship policy.

Conducted among 2,600 entrepreneurs based in 18 countries, in Asia, Europe, and the United States, the study led by Scorpio Partnership reveals the emergence of a new generation of entrepreneurs under 35, "The Millennipreneurs". From Generation Y, born between 1980 and 1995, they stand out by creating an increased number of companies, both in the new economy and traditional sectors.They average launched about 8 companies, against 3.5 for their elders, and have a turnover of more than 43% that of the baby boomer generation. Among them, women are more successful than men. Providing a profit margin of 35%, they are most active in Poland, Spain and China, in sectors such as trade, professional services and fashion. This study indicates that the most attractive regions are the United States, China and Germany, entrepreneurs based in China, India and Turkey, achieving a better year.

The Mastercard Index of Women Entrepreneurs tracks female entrepreneurs’ ability to capitalize on opportunities granted through various supporting conditions within their local environments and is the weighted sum of three components: 1) Women’s Advancement Outcomes (degree of bias against women as workforce participants, political and business leaders, as well as the financial strength and entrepreneurial inclination of women), 2) Knowledge Assets and Financial Assets (degree of access women have to basic financial services, advanced knowledge assets, and support for small and medium enterprises), and 3) Supporting Entrepreneurial Conditions (overall perceptions on the ease on conducting business locally, quality of local governance, women’s perception of safety levels and cultural perception of women’s household financial influence).

In most countries, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) contribute over 50 percent to gross domestic product (GDP) and two thirds to formal employment. SMEs, which often form the backbone of the middle class, are important for social stability, innovation, inclusive growth, and poverty alleviation. They are indispensable for a future-oriented, sustainable global economy.

This report is authored* by Gianluca Riccio, CFA, Gianluca assumed the Chair of the Business at OECD-B20 event held on 22 March 2017 at the OECD. He is also Vice-Chair of the BIAC Finance Task Force and member of the B20 Germany Financing Growth & Infrastructure Task Force and Cross-thematic Group on SMEs.

This publication analyses that the smaller, the company, the more likely they are to employ low skilled, women, youth or other vulnerable workers' conditions in business sphere. Their main obstacles are connectivity gap for both other SMEs, national markets and global markets even in most countries, SMEs are often the biggest source of new jobs, even if many fail within a few years.Getting more SMEs to connect to international markets is one way to help ensure SMEs keep growing and make the jobs they create stick.

This work is publishing under the responsibility of Secretary-General of OECD. The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of OECD member countries

There are a number of ways of looking at the World Trade Organization. It is an organization for trade opening. It is a forum for governments to negotiate trade agreements. It is a place for them to settle trade disputes. It operates the global system of trade rules.
It helps developing countries build their trade capacity. Essentially, the WTO is a place where member governments try to sort out the trade problems they face with each other.

Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2017 provides information on debt, equity, asset-based finance, and framework conditions for SME and entrepreneurship finance, complemented with an overview of recent policy measures to support access to finance in 39 countries.

For some time, it was possible to win over trade sceptics by providing explicit numbers reflecting the losses from protectionism. Now it seems that the larger public has become indifferent to evidence-based debates. This column argues for increased use of micro-evidence and firm-level data in policy debates to make the case for trade. By linking trade to personal well-being, an increased focus on micro-economic evidence can generate stronger narratives and greater credibility among voters.

The Business 20 (B20) is the official G20 dialogue with the global business community. On September 4 2016, the leading German business associations BDI, BDA, and DIHK, mandated by the German Chancellery, assumed the B20 presidency. Chair of B20 Germany is Dr. Jürgen Heraeus.

This year’s SME Competitiveness Outlook focuses on making the most of standards and regulations for the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The report combines data analysis, academic insights, thought leader opinions and case studies to provide guidance for policymakers, SME managers and standard setters.

The collection of entrepreneurship indicators presented in Entrepreneurship at a Glance is the result of the OECD-Eurostat Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme (EIP). The programme, started in 2006, was the first attempt to compile and publish international data on entrepreneurship from official government statistical sources.

The World Trade Board findings conclude that there is significant potential to use the World Trade Symposium as a vehicle to drive adoption of Legal Entity Identifiers to improve transparency, digitisation, onboarding and risk management along the supply chain with a view to enabling more inclusive trade for global SMEs.

Recent years have witnessed remarkable developments in the digital economy, creating unprecedented opportunities for cross-border trade. The Internet is enabling micro, small and medium-sized businesses (“MSMEs”) to access global markets unlike ever before. Studies show that MSMEs that use on-line platforms are around ve times more likely to export than those in the traditional economy.

The World Trade Report is an annual publication that aims to deepen understanding about trends in trade, trade policy issues and the multilateral trading system.

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